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Migrants face innumerable challenges - including exploitation and lack of access to basic facilities such as like healthcare, clean drinking water, schools and educational institutes, sanitation and housing facilities among several violations of their basic human rights.

Urbanization in India and the associated large scale migration from rural to urban centers has caused widespread pressures on urban infrastructure. This has led to the development of slums in urban and industrial habitats such as Delhi, Mumbai, and Ahmadabad - to name a few, at an unprecedented scale. Such widespread migration have also involve various caste based dimensions, i.e. the migration of Dalits from the rural to urban centers in the hope of economic and political freedoms beyond the realms of the stringent caste based lifestyles of the rural areas. However, the emphasis on caste based discrimination even in urban areas continue to sideline such migrants which causes severe psycho-social distresses which may at times lead to higher crime rates in cities.

IPAC operates from the standpoint that migration is an inevitable phenomenon in all developing economies across the globe; the emphasis thus now needs to shift to rights based approach to migration in policy and practice. IPAC thus seeks to collaborate with grass roots level organizations on the issue of migrant rights and support such grass roots organizations in building their capacities and facilitate a dialogue on migrants and their rights. IPAC's work is mainly focused in the states of Bihar, Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh as well as migrants from Nepal to India. In the past, IPAC has worked in the issue of Migration in Bihar, launching migration information centres in Bihar and spreading awareness and coordinating with the State and other CSO's on the matter.

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